Pathology of Urological Diseases

Benign Prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition that often begins at about 40-45 years, due to hormonal changes that result in prostatic enlargement. The word ”Benign" means that the enlargement is not caused by cancer. The word "Hyperplasia" means enlargement.

Management of BPH

TURP (transurethral resection of prostate)
       This surgery is performed with endoscope to cut prostatic tissue

Treatment Options

  • Watchful Waiting 
  • Medications to relax the bladder neck and prostate, such as tamsulosin Hcl
  • Medications to block hormones that cause prostatic growth
  • Invasive or minimally invasive surgeries to remove excess prostatic tissue (TURP)

Overactive Bladder

OAB is a symptom syndrome characterized by:


  •  Urinary urgency with or without incontinence
  •  Urinary frequency (urination more than 8   times a day)
  •  Nocturia (urination during night time)

Physiology of erection

The physiological process of erection begins in the brain and involves the nervous and vascular systems. Causes of erectile dysfunction.  A variety of medical conditions, the use of certain medicines and psychological problems may cause erectile dysfunction. Now a days it is al ifestyle  disease.



Urinary Stones

Urinary Obstruction and stasis Obstructions anywhere along the urinary tract, such as an impacted stone, often lead to dilation and distention of the ureters and renal pelvis & urinary bladder or urethra which causes severe pain dysuria & hematuria. It calls for Urgent treatment.

Stricture Urethra

This means narrowing of the lumen of Urethra, the tube which evacuates urine from the bladder. This can happen due to injury, sexual infections or prolonged catheterisation. This can be treated by endoscopy in majority of cases. Our clinic uses state-of-the-art technology and advanced surgical procedures to treat our urology patients. Urologists who treat patients at our clinic are focused on improving the quality of patient care, and participate in ongoing training in the use of these technologies and techniques.


Cystoscopy is endoscopy of the urinary bladder via the urethra. It is carried out with a Cystoscopy.Diagnostic cystoscopy is usually carried out with local anesthesia. General anesthesia is sometimes used for operative cystoscopic procedures. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. The cystoscopy has lenses like a telescope or microscope. These lenses let the doctor focus on the inner surfaces of the urinary tract. Some cystoscopes use optical fibres (flexible glass fibres) that carry an image from the tip of the instrument to a viewing piece at the other end. Many cystoscopes have extra tubes to guide other instruments for surgical procedures to treat urinary problems.

Stent Removal

Ureteric stentis a thin hollow tube inserted into the ureter to prevent or treat obstruction of the urine flow from the kidney. With this stent patient can perform routine work. Ureteric stents are also used after external beam energy for crushing kidney & ureteric stones (ESWL)







Trans-urethral Resection of Prostate Gland (TURP)

is a minimally-invasive operation, performed to remove the parts of your prostate gland that are pressing on your urethra in order to allow urine to flow more freely. The urologist passes a special tube through your urethra and uses a heated wire loop to shave off the overgrown areas of your prostate gland. In this way TURP is not an open surgery, and there will be no incisions or scars & recovery is faster.



Ureteroscopyis an examination of the upper urinary tract, usually performed with an endoscope that is passed through the urethra, bladder, and then directly into the ureter. The procedure is useful in treatment of disorders such as ureteric stones & tumors. The examination may be performed with either a flexible or a rigid fiberoptic device while the patient is under a general of spinal anesthetic.

Bladder Stone Removal

Bladder Stone is a solid concretion or crystal aggregation
found in the urinary bladder which causes obstruction to urine flow. It can happen at any age. Large bladder stones in children and elderly patients (more than 20 mm) sometimes may need open treatment to prevent injury to delicate urethra because of prolonged endoscopic treatment.

Check Cystoscopy For Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer is a malignant growth of the urinary bladder. The most common bladder cancer is called transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). This commonly presents with painless hematuria (bleeding from Urine, sometimes with clots).